About MangalagiriLocated in the Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh is the town of Mangalagiri, which is also the headquarters of Mangalagiri mandal under Guntur revenue division. Mangalagiri forms a part of the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region and is based on the National Highway 5 between Vijayawada and Guntur. The town is governed by the Mangalagiri Municipality, which is the civic body of the town and manage all the civic needs like, water supply, sewage, garbage collection etc. Established in the year 1969, the municipality covers an area of 17.53 km2 (6.77 sq mi) with 32 election wards. There are two types of composition of the municipality, which includes the Elected Wing, headed by Municipal Council and the second is Executive Wing, headed by Municipal commissioner.
In the year 2015, the municipality got the Green Leaf Awards 2015 in the category of Best Municipality. The town is also a part of the Mangalagiri assembly constituency for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. As per the 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 73,613 with 19,137 households. This includes 36,532 males and 37,081 —a sex ratio of 1015 females per 1000 males and an average literacy rate stands at 76.16% with 50,197 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.
Geography of MangalgiriMangalagiri has a tropical climate and hottest months are from March–May and the coolest months from December–January. Rainy months come from the south-west including July–October and north–east monsoons in mid December. Mangalagiri has an average annual rainfall of 50–60 cm. Summer temperatures vary from 44–46 °C and the winter temperatures from 22–23 °C.
History and Economy of MangalagiriAs mentioned earlier, the town goes back to almost 225 B.C. or about 1520 and mentions the capture of Kondavidu by Timmarasu, general of Krishna Deva Raya. There are temples dating back to these times include the stone near the temple of Garudalvar, which has inscriptions on four sides recording grants during the reign of Sadasiva Raya of Vijayanagara Empire 1538. There is another lofty gopuram in the temple at the foot of the hill. It is stated that the same was erected by Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu in 1807–1809. Along with this, the sculpture and architecture of the temple stands to be an ultimate testament for the ancient vishwakarma sthapathis in planning and sculpting these temples.
Mangalagiri was controlled by Golkonda Nawabs for a long period before being plundered in 1780 by Hyder Jung. However, it could not be conquered. In 1816, the Pindaris gang again looted the place. But the town slowly continued to recover from these two attacks during the time of Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu who ruled the place from Amaravati. The historical pieces of importance here include a big koneru (tank) in the center of the place which went dry in 1882. History reveals that as many as 9,840 guns and 44 bullets were related to Pindaris have been found here after the Pindaris looted this place.
Around the 1970s there had been a huge drought here leading to water scarcity. Water was brought here using pipelines and other means by Goli Gopala Rao, the then municipal chairman of Mangalagiri
The production of handcrafted dyed fabric is the major occupation of the town, which is as old as 500 years, mangalagiri sarees and fabrics was registered as one of the geographical indication from Andhra Pradesh.
Tourism in MangalagiriMangalagiri is also called the auspicious hill because of the many temples and places of interest here. It is said that it is one of the eight places where Lord Vishnu manifested himself. Thotadri is the one present Mangalagiri and there is a myth that Lakshmi Devi has donetapas on this hill. Three Narasimha Swamy temples in Mangalagiri are here including Panakala Narasimha Swamy on the hill, Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy at the foot of the temple and Gandala Narasimha Swamy at the top of the hill. The hill is shaped like an elephant. There is also an ancient legend associated with the same. Pariyatra, an ancient king had a son Hrasva Srungi who had visited all holy and sacred places. He finally came here and spent three years performing penance. The father of Hrasva Srungi reunited take back his son to his kingdom but instead took the shape of an elephant to become the abode of Lord Vishnu who is locally known as Panakala Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy.
Panakala Narasimha Swamy - God Who Drinks PanakamThe belief of a self-existent god is put to practice here. There is no statue in the temple but only a mouth that is covered by metal face of the god. The God takes jaggery water as offering by a conch and when the water is actually poured into the mouth of the Lord, a gargling sound is clearly audible as if the Lord is actually drinking it. This is something that happens not once in a day but is a recurring feature during the course of the day. And strangely there are no ants here in spite of so much jaggery being offered. To the west of the temple is a natural cave that is said to lead to Undavalli caves on the banks of the Krishna river where the sages used to go to take bath in Krishna River.
Laxmi Narasimha Swamy TempleOn the foothills of Mangalagiri going back to the time of Yudhishtira, the eldest of the pandavas. Yudhishtira is said to be the founder of the chief image of this temple. The deity is known as Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy. Almost 200 years back Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Naidu constructed a stupendous gopuram (tower) on the eastern gate of the Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy. This is regarded as one of the highest gopurams in South India and only one of its type in this part of India.
Amaravati MuseumThis is a must-visit place for those who love to explore the history of this ancient town. Along with old artefacts you also get a deep insight on the historical significance of this place.
Mogalarajapuram CavesThese are actually 3 cave temples, which are situated in the heart of the city and are easily accessible. They are believed to be as old as of the 5th Century. One of the caves has an overhanging cornice with artificial windows. It is a sight to behold and has a lot of archaeological value and heritage.
Undavalli CavesThese are small caves with carvings on the wall. It is best to visit here early in the morning as the place can get crowded.
Hospitals in MangalagiriThere are several hospitals in the town that take care of the people of Mangalagiri. Mostly all major and minor diseases are taken care of in these hospitals.
NRI General Hospital
NRI Hospital Road, NH5, Chinakakani, Mangalagiri · 086452 30101
Temple Rd · 092461 07108
Taraka Rama Rao Homeopathy Hospital
Pharmacies in Mangalagiri
2-19, Main Bazar, · 086452 31756
Open 24 hours
Sai Baba Medical Stores
Flower Market Center, Main Bazar, Mangalgiri · 099497 25700
Open until 9:00 PM
Sarat Medical Stores
Hospital Road, Mangalgiri · 098851 16130
Open until 10:00 PM
Restaurants in MangalagiriThere are plenty of choices for eating in Mangalgiri. Here is a list of restaurants that offer local cuisines along with Dhaba style food too.
Shahu Family Restaurant
Chinnakakani Road, Chinakakani,Chinakakani
NH 5, Mangalagiri
Hotels in Mangalagiri
Happy Resorts & Recreation
3-369, NH5 Mangalagiri (M), Amaravati
Mobile Wallets · Good for kids
NSR Complex, Vijayawada - Guntur Hwy
NH 16 Service Road
Shopping in MangalgiriMangalgiri Cottons
This colourful town also has a rich handloom industry and is best known for its cotton weaves. Some of the best stores include:
Tech Seven Handlooms
1-104a, Kothapet, MANGALAGIRI-522503, Guntur (Dt), Andhra Pradesh, India.
Along with visiting the local markets, do check out-
New Novelty Big Bazaar
Mahatma Gandhi Road, Mangalagiri
Balaji Super Market
Railway Station Road, Mangalagiri
How to reach MangalagiriMangalagiri is situated right on the NH 5 that connects Kolkata and Chennai and thus has a total road length of 109.30 km. If going by road then take a bus or car to the town that connects via the Tenali-Mangalagiri road, which is a part of the core road network of the district. There are regular APSRTC operates buses from Mangalagiri bus station to the town. There is also a railway station named as Mangalagiri railway station situated on the Howrah-Chennai main line. It is administered under the jurisdiction of Guntur division of South Central Railway zone. However, not all major trains stop here. Land has been set aside for constructing the Mangalagiri airport, which will connect to the capital city but the project is still under review.
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